Document Detail


Animal-caused fatalities in New Mexico, 1993-2004.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18076295     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate animal-caused fatalities in New Mexico using data collected during medicolegal death investigations, including toxicology, survival interval, and circumstances. METHODS: A retrospective review of the computerized database and hard copies of files from a centralized, statewide medical examiner's office, excluding deaths due to zoonotic diseases and motor vehicle collisions involving animals. RESULTS: Between 1993 and 2004, 63 deaths caused by animals were reported in New Mexico. The majority of decedents were male (46/63, 73%) and non-Hispanic white (33/63, 52%). Horses were the most commonly implicated animals, with 43 (68%) deaths due to a person being thrown from, crushed, dragged, or kicked by a horse. Cattle caused 9 deaths (14%), dogs caused 3 (5%), and venomous animals caused 3, whereas a bear was responsible for 1 death. Ten decedents (16%) had alcohol present at the time of death, and 8 would have been over the legal blood alcohol concentration for driving (0.08%). Ten deaths (16%) were work-related and included deaths of jockeys and ranch workers. The majority of deaths (42/63, 67%) occurred in remote locations, potentially delaying access to treatment. Survival intervals ranged from 1 day to 33 years. CONCLUSIONS: Whereas both human and animal behavior can be difficult to predict, a review of animal-caused fatalities investigated by a medical examiner revealed that in many cases, deaths could have been prevented by either the use of protective gear or alterations in human behavior.
Authors:
Sarah L Lathrop
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Wilderness & environmental medicine     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1080-6032     ISO Abbreviation:  Wilderness Environ Med     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-13     Completed Date:  2008-02-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505185     Medline TA:  Wilderness Environ Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  288-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Office of the Medical Investigator, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA. slathrop@salud.unm.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Animals
Bites and Stings / mortality*
Cause of Death
Child
Child, Preschool
Coroners and Medical Examiners / statistics & numerical data*
Death Certificates
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Medical Records / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
New Mexico / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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