Document Detail

An animal model for ectopy-induced cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21070255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background:  Ectopy-induced cardiomyopathy is an increasingly recognized cause of reversible left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Our goal was to create an animal model for ectopy-induced cardiomyopathy. Methods:  Eleven mongrel dogs underwent the implantation of a dual-chamber pacemaker. Four dogs served as the control group and seven as the paced group. In the paced group, the pacemaker was connected to two endocardial right ventricular leads, one inserted into the atrial port and the other one into the ventricular port with an atrioventricular delay adjusted to ensure the presence of coupled pacing simulating ventricular bigeminy. Echocardiographic measurements of LV size (LV end-diastolic diameter [LV-EDD], LV end-systolic diameter [LV-ESD]), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), and mitral regurgitation (MR) were obtained at baseline and after 4 weeks of monitoring or pacing in all dogs except one who had lead dislodgement. Results:  In the control group (n = 4), no significant changes in LV dimensions or function were noted. In the paced group (n = 6), LV-EDD and LV-ESD increased from 3.58 ± 0.65 cm and 2.47 ± 0.55 cm to 4.15 ± 0.59 cm and 3.21 ± 0.47 cm, respectively (P < 0.01). In addition, LVEF decreased from 60 ± 7% to 46 ± 9% (P < 0.05). No changes in MR were noted. Conclusion:  We have shown that coupled pacing simulating ventricular bigeminy was feasible and resulted in increased LV dimensions and decreased LV function. By controlling the percentage of pacing, the coupling interval and the location of the pacing lead, this new model will allow the assessment of the relative roles of these variables in the development of ectopy-induced cardiomyopathy. (PACE 2011; 34:291-295).
Nazem W Akoum; Marcos Daccarett; Stephen L Wasmund; Mohamed H Hamdan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
©2010, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Nora Eccles Harrison Cardiovascular Research and Training Institute Division of Cardiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
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