Document Detail

Angle recess area decreases with age in normal Japanese.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10698025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To investigate prospectively the relationships between anterior chamber angle configuration and refractive error, axial length, age, and body height in the Japanese. METHODS: We studied 65 eyes of 65 subjects (30 men, 35 women) who were either patients at the Ophthalmology Department of Mie University or volunteers. The 65 subjects underwent a complete eye examination, A-scan biometry, and ultrasound biomicroscopy. Images were exported to an IBM-compatible personal computer in PCX format. The angle recess area (ARA) was measured using a software program of our own design. RESULTS: The ARA decreased with age in all quadrants of all eyes. In older individuals, the angle in the superior quadrant was significantly narrower than in the other quadrants. The ARA correlated directly with anterior chamber depth (P < .001), axial length (P < .001), and body height (P = .003), and inversely with age (P < .001) and refractive error (P = .003) in pairwise analysis. Multivariate analysis revealed a significant association between ARA and anterior chamber depth (P < .001), axial length (P = .016), and younger age (P = .043). CONCLUSIONS: The anterior chamber area narrows with age, especially in the superior quadrant. Narrowing of the angle in Japanese is associated with older age, shorter axial length, and shallower anterior chamber depth. We hypothesize that because of the increasing prevalence of axial myopia in younger Japanese, angle-closure glaucoma could become less common in Japan in the future.
K Esaki; H Ishikawa; J M Liebmann; D S Greenfield; Y Uji; R Ritch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0021-5155     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:    2000 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-21     Completed Date:  2000-03-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0044652     Medline TA:  Jpn J Ophthalmol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  46-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, NY, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Anterior Chamber / anatomy & histology*,  ultrasonography
Body Height
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Refractive Errors / pathology,  ultrasonography

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