Document Detail


Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor suppresses the incidence of prolonged and fractionated right atrial electrograms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16492302     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Although prolonged and fractionated right atrial electrograms have been reported as predictors of the development of chronic atrial fibrillation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) on these electrophysiologic abnormalities remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether ACEI influences these electrophysiologic abnormalities of atrial muscle in patients with PAF. METHODS: While taking oral ACEI for hypertension, 12 patients (ACEI group) with PAF underwent electrophysiologic study (EPS). Catheter mapping of 12 right atrial sites and right atrial extrastimulation were performed during sinus rhythm. Twenty-four age-matched patients with PAF but not taking oral ACEI were included as a control group. RESULTS: The longest duration of the right atrial electrogram was significantly shorter and the maximum number of fragmented deflections per patient was significantly lower in the ACEI group than in the control group (79 +/- 15 ms vs 100 +/- 15 ms, P < 0.005; 5.5 +/- 1.9 vs 7.9 +/- 2.4, P < 0.001, respectively). The number of abnormal atrial electrograms per patient was significantly lower in the ACEI group than in the control group (0.5 +/- 1.4 vs 2.1 +/- 1.8, P < 0.05). The percentage of patients with at least one abnormal atrial electrogram was significantly lower in the ACEI group than in the control group (16.7% vs 79.2%, P < 0.0005). CONCLUSIONS: ACEI use is associated with a decrease in the incidence of prolonged and fractionated right atrial electrograms in patients with PAF. In addition, we suggest that ACEI may help prevent PAF from becoming chronic.
Authors:
Riyako Shibata; Kojiro Nakao; Satoki Fukae; Kiyotaka Matsuo; Katsusuke Yano
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-22     Completed Date:  2006-08-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  164-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Course of Medical and Dental Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
Atrial Fibrillation / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Chi-Square Distribution
Electrocardiography / drug effects*
Female
Heart Atria / physiopathology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Statistics, Nonparametric
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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