Document Detail

Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition for cardiac hypertrophy in patients with end-stage renal disease: what is the evidence?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15363049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Dialysis patients show a high prevalence of cardiovascular complications among which left ventricular hypertrophy is one of the most frequent and is independently predictive of mortality. A recent study indicates that partial regression of left ventricular hypertrophy improves mortality and reduces cardiovascular events in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, suggesting the importance of targeting therapeutic strategies to reduce cardiac hypertrophy and improve the outcome in these patients. The pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy in ESRD patients is multifactorial and includes hypertension, activation of the renin-angiotensin system, increased sympathetic activity, chronic volume overload, chronic anaemia and hyperparathyroidism. In this paper, we review the available experimental and clinical evidence showing the important contribution of the renin-angiotensin system as well as its interaction with the sympathetic nervous system in the pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy in ESRD patients. Furthermore, we summarize the results of currently available clinical studies that examined the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition or angiotensin receptor antagonism on left ventricular hypertrophy in ESRD patients, and review evidences that support the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor antagonists in the ESRD population.
Angela Yee-Moon Wang; Philip Kam-Tao Li; Siu-Fai Lui; John E Sanderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1320-5358     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephrology (Carlton)     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-14     Completed Date:  2004-12-16     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9615568     Medline TA:  Nephrology (Carlton)     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  190-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin New Territories, Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
Blood Pressure
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / drug therapy*,  etiology,  physiopathology
Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
Renin-Angiotensin System / physiology
Sympathetic Nervous System / physiopathology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

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