Document Detail


Angiopoietins in Angiogenesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22922303     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Tie-1 and Tie-2 tyrosine kinase receptors are expressed specifically on vascular endothelial cells and on a certain subtype of macrophages implicated in angiogenesis, thus, they have been a major focus of angiogenesis research. Tie-1 and Tie-2 are essential for vascular maturation during developmental, physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Angiopoietin 1 to 4 (Ang-1 to 4) have been identified as bona fide ligands of the Tie-2 receptor, while Tie-1 remains an orphan receptor which is able to heterodimerize with Tie-2 and to modulate Tie-2 signal transduction. The most exhaustively studied angiopoietins are Ang-1 and Ang-2. Ang-1 is a critical player in vessel maturation and it mediates migration, adhesion and survival of endothelial cells. Ang-2 disrupts the connections between the endothelium and perivascular cells and promotes cell death and vascular regression. Yet, in conjunction with VEGF, Ang-2 promotes neovascularization. Hence, angiopoietins exert crucial roles in the angiogenic switch during tumor progression, and increased expression of Ang-2 relative to Ang-1 in tumors correlates with poor prognosis. Its central role in the regulation of physiological and pathological angiogenesis makes the angiopoietin/Tie signaling pathway a therapeutically attractive target for the treatment of vascular disease and cancer.
Authors:
Ernesta Fagiani; Gerhard Christofori
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7980     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer Lett.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600053     Medline TA:  Cancer Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Affiliation:
Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
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