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Anger and emotional distress in patients with migraine and tension-type headache.
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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16362712     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective was to evaluate the prevalence and the characteristics of anger and emotional distress in migraine and tension- type headache patients. Two hundred and one headache patients attending the Headache Center of the University of Turin were selected for the study and divided into 5 groups: (1) migraine, (2) episodic tension-type headache, (3) chronic tension-type headache, (4) migraine associated with episodic tension-type headache and (5) migraine associated with chronic tension-type headache. A group of 45 healthy subjects served as controls. All the subjects completed the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, the Beck's Depression Inventory and the Cognitive Behavioral Assessment. Anger control was significantly lower in all headache patients (p<0.05) except in migraineurs. Patients with migraine and tension-type headache showed a significantly higher level of angry temperament and angry reaction (p<0.05). In addition, chronic tension-type headache and migraine associated with tension-type headache patients reported a higher level of anxiety (p<0.05), depression (p<0.001), phobias (p<0.001) and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (p<0.01), emotional liability (p<0.001) and psychophysiological disorders (p<0.001). Our study shows that chronic tension-type headache and migraine associated with tension-type headache patients present a significant impairment of anger control and suggests a connection between anger and the duration of headache experience.
Paolo Perozzo; Lidia Savi; Lorys Castelli; Walter Valfrè; Rossana Lo Giudice; Salvatore Gentile; Innocenzo Rainero; Lorenzo Pinessi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-09-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of headache and pain     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1129-2369     ISO Abbreviation:  J Headache Pain     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-19     Completed Date:  2006-03-09     Revised Date:  2012-11-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100940562     Medline TA:  J Headache Pain     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  392-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Fondazione Carlo Molo, CE.R.NE., Turin, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Disease / epidemiology,  psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depressive Disorder / epidemiology,  psychology
Headache Disorders / psychology
Middle Aged
Migraine Disorders / psychology*
Mood Disorders / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Neuropsychological Tests
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / epidemiology,  psychology
Phobic Disorders / epidemiology,  psychology
Tension-Type Headache / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Full Text
Journal Information
Journal ID (nlm-ta): J Headache Pain
Journal ID (iso-abbrev): J Headache Pain
ISSN: 1129-2369
ISSN: 1129-2377
Publisher: Springer-Verlag, Milan
Article Information
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2005
Received Day: 5 Month: 8 Year: 2005
Accepted Day: 1 Month: 9 Year: 2005
Electronic publication date: Day: 21 Month: 9 Year: 2005
Print publication date: Month: 10 Year: 2005
Volume: 6 Issue: 5
First Page: 392 Last Page: 399
PubMed Id: 16362712
ID: 3452065
Publisher Id: 240
DOI: 10.1007/s10194-005-0240-8

Anger and emotional distress in patients with migraine and tension–type headache
P. Perozzo1
L. Savi2
L. Castelli3
W. Valfrè2
R. Lo Giudice2
S. Gentile2
I. Rainero2 Address: +39-011-6334763 +39-011-6638510
L. Pinessi2
1Fondazione Carlo Molo, CE.R.NE., Turin, Italy
2Neurology III—Headache Center, Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 15, I-10126 Turin, Italy
3Center for Cognitive Science, Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy

Article Categories:
  • Original

Keywords: Key words Migraine, Tension–type headache, Anger, Depression.

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