Document Detail


Anemia and iron status in Inuit infants from northern Quebec.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11200728     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The iron status and diet of Inuit infants living in northern Quebec who were part of a prospective cohort study was described. The prevalence of anemia (hemoglobin values > 2 SD below the reference mean) was 21.1% (23/109), 47.4% (55/116) and 37.7% (46/122) at 2, 6 and 12 months, respectively. The corresponding prevalence of microcytic anemia was 0.0%, 4.3% and 21.3%. At 2, 6 and 12 months, iron-deficiency anemia (serum ferritin < 10 micrograms/L coupled with anemia) was present in 1.3% (1/79), 24.4% (21/86) and 26.3% (25/95) of infants, respectively. Compared with breastfeeding, the odds ratio for iron deficiency (serum ferritin < 10 micrograms/L) for bottle-feeding with cows' milk or low iron formula was 3.02 (95% CI 1.25-7.27) at 6 months and 3.05 (95% CI 1.28-7.28) at 12 months. This study shows iron-deficiency anemia to be a problem in Inuit infants as young as 6 months old. Breastfed infants were better protected against iron deficiency than infants fed cow's milk or low-iron formula.
Authors:
N D Willows; E Dewailly; K Gray-Donald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de santé publique     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0008-4263     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Public Health     Publication Date:    2000 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-31     Completed Date:  2001-02-22     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372714     Medline TA:  Can J Public Health     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  407-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Macdonald Campus, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / blood,  epidemiology*
Bottle Feeding
Breast Feeding
Cohort Studies
Diet
Erythrocyte Count
Ferritins / blood,  deficiency
Hemoglobins / deficiency
Humans
Infant
Infant Food
Inuits / statistics & numerical data*
Longitudinal Studies
Nutrition Surveys*
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Quebec / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 9007-73-2/Ferritins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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