Document Detail

Anemia in newborn.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10773920     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Various blood indices vary in a newborn as compared to older child or adult. It depends on the gestational age, day of life, maternal factors, mode of delivery and site of blood collection. Hemoglobin, HCT & MCV tend to be higher in newborns. They further increase in first 2 days of life. Reticulocytosis and presence of nucleated red cells are normally seen in first week of life. Neonatal anemia is a common problem in NICU. It is usually caused by either hemorrhage or hemolysis and rarely due to decreased production. Hemorrhage can be ante or intra or post natal and it could be external or internal. It could be acute or chronic. Management of acute severe hemorrhage includes packed cell transfusion. Hemolysis is usually due to isoimmune hemolysis, G6PD deficiency or rarely due to the hemoglobinopathy like alpha-thalassemia or due to spherocytosis. Usually patients will have indirect hyperbilirubinemia which needs phototherapy or exchange transfusion. Rarely congenital pure red cell aplasia can present at birth with physical anomalies and anemia. Treatment of neonatal anemia depends on the arteriology.
M R Lokeshwar; R Dalal; M Manglani; N Shah
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0019-5456     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:    1998 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-09     Completed Date:  2000-05-09     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  651-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Hematology-Oncology, L.T.M.G. Hospital, Sion, Mumbai.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Neonatal / diagnosis,  etiology*
Diagnosis, Differential
Infant, Newborn
Reference Values

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