Document Detail


Anemia in low-income exclusively breastfed infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16912831     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To verify the behavior of hemoglobin levels and anemia prevalence in full term infants, aged 3 to 6 months and on exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 242 infants aged 3 to 6 months with birth weights of more than 2,500 g, on exclusive breastfeeding and monitored by the Program for the Promotion of Infant Growth and Development, part of the Paraisópolis Einstein Community Program. Hemoglobin was assayed by finger prick between the third and sixth months of life. Anemia was defined as Hb < 10.3 g/dL (Saarinen) or Hb < 10 g/dL (Brault-Dubuc) for infants aged 3 to 5 months and as Hb < 11.0 g/dL (WHO) for infants aged 6 months. RESULTS: Mean hemoglobin concentration was 11.3 and 11.4 g/dL at 3 and 4 months and 11.2 and 11.1 g/dL at 5 and 6 months, respectively. The percentage of anemic infants varied depending on age and the cutoff adopted, being 11.8, 10.2 and 8.3% at 3, 4 and 5 months, respectively, according to the Brault-Dubuc criteria, and 20.6, 14.8 and 10.4% by the Saarinen criteria. Anemia prevalence at 6 months was 37.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia prevalence rates observed among infants aged between 3 and 6 months varied from 8.3 to 37.5%, justifying increased attention on the part of pediatricians to the hemoglobin levels of infants who are on exclusive breastfeeding, come from low-income families and present risk factors for iron deficiency.
Authors:
Marco Antonio A Torres; Josefina A P Braga; José Augusto A C Taddei; Fernando J Nóbrega
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Jornal de pediatria     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0021-7557     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr (Rio J)     Publication Date:    2006 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-16     Completed Date:  2007-02-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985188R     Medline TA:  J Pediatr (Rio J)     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  284-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal de São Paulo-Escola Paulista de Medicina (UNIFESP-EPM), CEP 04040-032 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Distribution
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / blood,  epidemiology*
Brazil / epidemiology
Breast Feeding
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Health Education
Hemoglobins / analysis*
Humans
Infant
Male
Malnutrition / blood*
Poverty*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins

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