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Anemia and brain oxygen after severe traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22584800     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between hemoglobin (Hgb) and brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO(2)) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to examine its impact on outcome. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort of severe TBI patients whose PbtO(2) was monitored. The relationship between Hgb-categorized into four quartiles (≤9; 9-10; 10.1-11; >11 g/dl)-and PbtO(2) was analyzed using mixed-effects models. Anemia with compromised PbtO(2) was defined as episodes of Hgb ≤ 9 g/dl with simultaneous PbtO(2) < 20 mmHg. Outcome was assessed at 30 days using the Glasgow outcome score (GOS), dichotomized as favorable (GOS 4-5) vs. unfavorable (GOS 1-3). RESULTS: We analyzed 474 simultaneous Hgb and PbtO(2) samples from 80 patients (mean age 44 ± 20 years, median GCS 4 (3-7)). Using Hgb > 11 g/dl as the reference level, and controlling for important physiologic covariates (CPP, PaO(2), PaCO(2)), Hgb ≤ 9 g/dl was the only Hgb level that was associated with lower PbtO(2) (coefficient -6.53 (95 % CI -9.13; -3.94), p < 0.001). Anemia with simultaneous PbtO(2) < 20 mmHg, but not anemia alone, increased the risk of unfavorable outcome (odds ratio 6.24 (95 % CI 1.61; 24.22), p = 0.008), controlling for age, GCS, Marshall CT grade, and APACHE II score. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of severe TBI patients whose PbtO(2) was monitored, a Hgb level no greater than 9 g/dl was associated with compromised PbtO(2). Anemia with simultaneous compromised PbtO(2), but not anemia alone, was a risk factor for unfavorable outcome, irrespective of injury severity.
Authors:
Mauro Oddo; Joshua M Levine; Monisha Kumar; Katia Iglesias; Suzanne Frangos; Eileen Maloney-Wilensky; Peter D Le Roux
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Intensive care medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1238     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704851     Medline TA:  Intensive Care Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, mauro.oddo@chuv.ch.
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