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Anemia associated with extraerythrocytic oxidative stress damage mediated by neutrophil superoxide anion production in chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23043982     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Anemia in patients with uremia undergoing hemodialysis (HD) is a complex process that is dependent on erythropoiesis associated with erythropoietin and iron availability. Published information about an extra erythrocytic factor in the data concerning HD and the underlying mechanism by which anemia occurs remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the superoxide anion generation by polymorphonuclear neutrophils and red blood cell (RBC) lipid peroxidizability as well as the possible association between these parameters and anemia in patients undergoing HD. Blood was collected from 15 volunteers prior to and following HD, and hematological data showed significant anemia at both time points. RBC lipid peroxidizability and neutrophil anion superoxide production, as evaluated by kinetics analysis, revealed increased initial and maximal velocity before and after HD. Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidant levels in the patient group were higher than those in the control group. RBC superoxide dismutase and catalase activities did not differ between groups. There was a significant correlation between increased RBC lipid peroxidizability and superoxide anion production and anemia in patients undergoing HD. The individual variation in plasma MDA was accompanied by superoxide anion production. The RBC lipid peroxidizability, mediated by neutrophil-generated superoxide anions, seems to be a plausible mechanism for explaining, in part, the extraerythrocytic damage that leads to anemia in patients on HD.
Authors:
Jair Tonon; Flávia Alessandra Guarnier; Alessandra Lourenço Cecchini; Rubens Cecchini
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pathophysiology : the official journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology / ISP     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0928-4680     ISO Abbreviation:  Pathophysiology     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433813     Medline TA:  Pathophysiology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Pathophysiology of Free Radicals, Londrina State University, 86051-990 Londrina, Brazil.
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