Document Detail

Anemia-associated factors in infants born at term with normal weight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22012290     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors involved in the genesis of infant iron deficiency anemia.
METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, which evaluated 104 children in their second year of life who were born at term with adequate weight in Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. An interview, a 24-hour recall to parents, and anthropometric assessment were used. Laboratory exams included blood count, ferritin, and serum retinol. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of UFMG and UFV. Statistical analyses were conducted using the Epi Info and SPSS softwares. Poisson generalized linear regression model was used to determine the association of anemia with the study variables, with results expressed as prevalence ratio.
RESULTS: Vitamin A deficiency and anemia were identified in 9.6% e 26% of the children, respectively. Infant anemia was associated with the date of onset of prenatal care, maternal use of iron after childbirth, paternal working status, prior use of iron by the child, and duration of breastfeeding. Thus, in the second year of life, lactating children of women who began prenatal care late and did not use iron compounds after birth, with unemployed parents, who never received iron compounds, and who were predominantly breastfed for more than four months had significantly higher prevalence of anemia.
CONCLUSION: The results have demonstrated the importance of nutrition during pregnancy and infancy in the prevention of anemia in children.
Michele Pereira Netto; Daniela da Silva Rocha; Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini; Joel Alves Lamounier
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira (1992)     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0104-4230     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Assoc Med Bras     Publication Date:    2011 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-20     Completed Date:  2012-03-07     Revised Date:  2012-04-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9308586     Medline TA:  Rev Assoc Med Bras     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  550-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / epidemiology,  etiology*
Brazil / epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Postnatal Care
Prenatal Care
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Term Birth*

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