Document Detail

Ancient Egyptian medicine and the concept of heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16911907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The cardiac glosses of the Ebers papyrus comprise the concepts and notions of the Egyptian physicians about the heart and its diseases. We sought to analyze some of the cardiac glosses of the Ebers papyrus, focusing on those which may describe early concepts of the syndrome of heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Review of Joachim's German translation and both Bryan's and Ghalioungui's English translations of the Ebers papyrus. One clinical scenario describes patients with "weakness of the heart" or "cardiac dysfunction:" "His heart is bored," "The heart weakens," "This means that the heart does not speak or that the vessels of the heart are dumb. Its information under your hands normally appears because of the air with which they are filled is missing...." Debility that has arisen in the heart." The other clinical scenario supplies information about patients with heart failure and "fluid retention" or "congestion": "His heart is flooded. This is the liquid of the mouth. His body parts are all together weak"..."His heart is over flooded...." CONCLUSION: Whether or not Egyptian medicine and the contents of the papyri paved the way for future knowledge, the clinical scenarios included in the Ebers papyrus may represent one of the earliest documented observations of the syndrome of heart failure.
Magdi M Saba; Hector O Ventura; Mohamed Saleh; Mandeep R Mehra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiac failure     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1532-8414     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Card. Fail.     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-16     Completed Date:  2006-10-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9442138     Medline TA:  J Card Fail     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  416-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiomyopathy and Heart Transplantation Center, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, Louisiana 70121, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Output, Low / history*,  physiopathology
Cardiology / history*
Heart Failure / history*,  physiopathology
History, Ancient

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