Document Detail

Anatomy of the visual pathways.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23733119     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The axons of the retinal ganglion cells form the optic nerve. The two optic nerves meet at the optic chiasm, where the nerve fibers originating in the nasal retina of each eye decussate to join the temporal fibers of the fellow eye. From the chiasm, the same axons continue on as the optic tract. These axons travel to and synapse in the lateral geniculate nucleus, the cells of which send their axons through the optic radiations to the visual cortex. The main blood supply to visual cortex is provided by the posterior cerebral arteries and their branches (the calcarine, posterior temporal, and parieto-occipital arteries). At the occipital pole, however, there may be a dual blood supply to the area subserving central vision, with anastomoses between branches of the posterior cerebral arteries and the superior temporo-occipital branch from the middle cerebral artery.
Carlos Gustavo De Moraes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of glaucoma     Volume:  22 Suppl 5     ISSN:  1536-481X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Glaucoma     Publication Date:    2013 Jun-Jul
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9300903     Medline TA:  J Glaucoma     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S2-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
*Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine †Einhorn Clinical Research Center, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York, NY.
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