Document Detail

Anatomy and physiology of feeding and swallowing: normal and abnormal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18940636     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Eating and swallowing are complex behaviors involving volitional and reflexive activities of more than 30 nerves and muscles. They have two crucial biologic features: food passage from the oral cavity to stomach and airway protection. The swallowing process is commonly divided into oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal stages, according to the location of the bolus. The movement of the food in the oral cavity and to the oropharynx differs depending on the type of food (eating solid food versus drinking liquid). Dysphagia can result from a wide variety of functional or structural deficits of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, or esophagus. The goal of dysphagia rehabilitation is to identify and treat abnormalities of feeding and swallowing while maintaining safe and efficient alimentation and hydration.
Koichiro Matsuo; Jeffrey B Palmer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of North America     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1047-9651     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-22     Completed Date:  2008-12-29     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102787     Medline TA:  Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  691-707, vii     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University, Phipps 160 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Deglutition / physiology*
Deglutition Disorders / etiology,  physiopathology*
Eating / physiology*
Upper Gastrointestinal Tract / anatomy & histology*,  innervation*,  physiology
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