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Anatomical Correlates to Nectar Feeding among the Strepsirrhines of Madagascar: Implications for Interpreting the Fossil Record.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22567292     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
One possible ecological scenario for the origin of primates is the archaic pollination and coevolution hypothesis. Its proponents contend that the consumption of nectar by some early primates and the resulting cross-pollination is an example of coevolution that drove adaptive radiations in some primates. This hypothesis is perhaps ecologically sound, but it lacks the morphology-behavior links that would allow us to test it using the fossil record. Here we attempt to identify cranial adaptations to nectar feeding among the strepsirrhines of Madagascar in order to provide such links. Many Malagasy strepsirrhines are considered effective cross-pollinators of the flowers they feed from, and nectar consumption represents as much as 75% of total feeding time. Previous studies identified skeletal correlates to nectar feeding in the crania of nonprimate mammals; from these, nine cranial measurements were chosen to be the focus of the present study. Results indicate that Cheirogaleus, Varecia, and Eulemur mirror other nectar-feeding mammals in having elongated crania and/or muzzles. These strepsirrhines might be effective cross-pollinators, lending support to the coevolution hypothesis.
Magdalena N Muchlinski; Jonathan M G Perry
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-10-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anatomy research international     Volume:  2011     ISSN:  2090-2751     ISO Abbreviation:  Anat Res Int     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101571232     Medline TA:  Anat Res Int     Country:  Egypt    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  378431     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, College of Medicine, MN210 Chandler Medical Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA.
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