Document Detail

Anatomic and functional improvements achieved by rehabilitation in Zone II and Zone V flexor tendon injuries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20975527     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare anatomic and functional improvements in zone II and zone V flexor tendon injuries and to determine the effect of injury level on disability.
DESIGN: Seventeen patients (53 digits) with zone V and 14 patients (25 digits) with repaired zone II flexor tendon injuries were enrolled in this study. All patients were treated with Modified Kleinert protocol and followed up for a median of 60 mos. The anatomic improvement was assessed by total active motion scoring system of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Quick Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (Quick DASH) questionnaire and the grip strength value were used for the evaluation of functional improvement.
RESULTS: Two groups were similar with respect to age (P = 0.147), sex (P = 0.889), type of repair (P = 0.453), and follow-up period (P = 0.499). According to total active motion scoring system, good to excellent results (75%-100% of the normal total active motion value) were achieved in 52% of the digits with zone II and 83% of digits with zone V flexor tendon injuries (P = 0.004). The recovery in the grip strength, in comparison with the uninjured hand, has been found to be 71% and 53% in zone II and zone V injuries, respectively (P = 0.112). There was no difference between Quick DASH index scores of two groups (P = 0.721). The grip strength percentage (r = -0.435; P = 0.014) and total active motion recovery results (r = -0.541; P = 0.002) of the patients were moderately correlated with Quick DASH scores.
CONCLUSIONS: Early passive mobilization in patients with zone V injuries resulted in higher percentage of good to excellent results when compared with zone II injuries. However, this does not translate into recovery in grip strength and disability. This study suggests that although the level of the injury is an important factor for the anatomic improvement, it may not be the predictor of functional improvement.
Serpil Bal; Bengi Oz; Alev Gurgan; Asuman Memis; Cenk Demirdover; Baris Sahin; Yucel Oztan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation / Association of Academic Physiatrists     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1537-7385     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-04     Completed Date:  2011-02-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803677     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17-24     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Disability Evaluation*
Finger Injuries / rehabilitation*,  surgery
Follow-Up Studies
Hand Strength*
Muscle Strength Dynamometer
Physical Therapy Modalities
Recovery of Function
Tendon Injuries / classification*,  rehabilitation*,  surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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