Document Detail

Anaphylaxis to cow's milk formula containing short-chain galacto-oligosaccharide.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23102546     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: On the basis of the proven prebiotic effects of oligosaccharides in cow's milk formula (CMF) in infants, CMFs are supplemented with oligosaccharides. OBJECTIVE: We present a series of 5 cases of cow's milk-tolerant but atopic patients with a history of respiratory allergies. All had anaphylaxis after the ingestion of CMF supplemented with short-chain galacto-oligosaccharide (scGOS). The allergen trigger was investigated. METHODS: Clinical histories were collated. Skin prick tests (SPTs) and basophil activation tests (BATs) were carried out with the eliciting CMF that triggered anaphylaxis, with or without supplemented prebiotics (scGOS) and with scGOS fractions containing oligosaccharides of different chain lengths. RESULTS: The median age of presentation was 6 years (range, 5-38 years). Anaphylaxis occurred within 30 minutes of the first known exposure to CMF supplemented with prebiotics in all patients. Only 1 patient was subjected to oral challenge, which resulted in an anaphylactic reaction. All patients demonstrated IgE sensitization through SPTs and BATs to scGOS and fractions of scGOS containing 3 sugar units or greater but not to cow's milk or long-chain fructo-oligosaccharide. Eight child control subjects tolerant to regular ingestion of scGOS-supplemented CMF and 1 adult volunteer were found to have negative results to scGOS through SPTs and BATs. In addition, in vitro BATs with donor basophils sensitized with sera from 2 of the 3 reported cases showed reactions to scGOS. The scGOS-induced basophil activation was inhibited in the presence of wortmannin, a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: This study describes an unusual form of IgE-mediated anaphylaxis triggered by low-molecular-weight oligosaccharides in scGOS. The primary sensitizer for this phenomenon requires further investigation.
Wen Chin Chiang; Chiung-Hui Huang; Genevieve V Llanora; Irvin Gerez; Si Hui Goh; Lynette P C Shek; Alma J Nauta; Wilhelmina A Van Doorn; Jacques Bindels; Laurien H Ulfman; Karen Knipping; Dianne J Delsing; Edward F Knol; Bee Wah Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6825     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1275002     Medline TA:  J Allergy Clin Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Paediatrics, KK Woman's and Children's Hospital, Singapore. Electronic address:
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