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Analysis of state obesity legislation from 2001 to 2010.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23529050     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: : The prevalence of obesity has increased significantly since the 1950s. Currently, more than one-third of adults are obese. This study includes the review of 611 bills that were introduced over the past 10 years for the purpose of reducing obesity.
DESIGN: : Bills were obtained from state legislature Web sites and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity legislative database. Full text of bills was read and summed by year and the following categories: (a) Taskforce, (b) School, (c) Community, and (d) Health care. Bills were then coded according to strategies outlined in the Institute of Medicine publication, Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention.
RESULTS: : Of the 611 obesity-specific bills proposed over the last decade, 93 (15.2%) passed and represented 30 states. The largest number of bills ("n") introduced was in the School category (n = 276), followed by Community (n = 126), Health care (n = 117), and Taskforce (n = 92). Percentages of bills passed were as follows: Taskforce (28%), Health care (16%), Schools (14%), and Community (7%). Institute of Medicine strategies were identified in most state legislations.
CONCLUSION: : Overall, 15% of obesity bills passed from 2001 to 2010. Legislation can be an important first step to change society and institutional norms to encourage and support people to develop healthier behaviors. Public health practitioners may find the Institute of Medicine guidance and the legislative database useful resources to further efforts in obesity prevention.
Tina Lankford; Dominique Hardman; Chris Dankmeyer; Tom Schmid
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of public health management and practice : JPHMP     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1550-5022     ISO Abbreviation:  J Public Health Manag Pract     Publication Date:    2013 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505213     Medline TA:  J Public Health Manag Pract     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S114-8     Citation Subset:  T    
Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia (Ms Lankford, Ms Hardman and Mr Dankmeyer, and Dr Schmid).
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