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Analysis of scalp wound infections among craniocerebral trauma patients following the 2008 wenchuan earthquake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22274967     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
AIM: To explore the causes of scalp wound infection, pathogen distribution, characteristics of antimicrobial susceptibility and therapeutic measures following craniocerebral trauma caused by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. MATERIAL and
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the microbiology records of patients admitted with craniocerebral trauma to the Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. Scalp wound infections following craniocerebral trauma were caused by the Wenchuan earthquake.
RESULTS: A total of 82 patients suffered from scalp trauma in this study, including 52.4% cases (43/82) with wound infections, mostly accompanied by severe foreign body contamination, for which the time of first debridement was significantly delayed. There were 59 strains of infectious pathogenic bacteria. Gram-positive bacteria were the most common organisms found (64.4%), including strains of Staphylococcus aureus (26/59, 44.1%) and strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis (12/59, 20.3%). Gram-negative bacteria accounted for 35.6% of samples: 22.0% (13/59) were strains of Enterobacter cloacae; 5.1% (3/59) were strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae; and 8.5% (5/59) were strains of Serratia rubidaea.
CONCLUSION: The rate of scalp wound infections following earthquake-induced craniocerebral trauma, which was dominated by Grampositive Staphylococcus aureus infection, has been markedly elevated in recent years. Early debridement and suturing, nutritional support and application of sensitive antibiotics can augment the therapeutic effect.
Jiagang Liu; Lu Ma; Chao You
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Turkish neurosurgery     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1019-5149     ISO Abbreviation:  Turk Neurosurg     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423821     Medline TA:  Turk Neurosurg     Country:  Turkey    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Department of Neurosurgery, Chengdu, China.
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