Document Detail

Analysis of production objectives and breeding practices of dairy goats in Kenya.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18584299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Production objectives and breeding practices of smallholder households participating in dairy goat breeding projects were analysed in relation to their ability to bring about sustainable genetic improvement in the dairy goat flocks in Kenya. A stratified survey involving 311 goat keepers in 4 project sites was used. This employed both qualitative and quantitative research methods to get a holistic view of dairy goats, and take into account the full array of contributions of dairy goats to the smallholder households. Milk production and sales of breeding stock were high priority functions for the objective to create a financial buffer. The breeding objective traits that farmers perceived as being of primary importance were milk yield, growth rate, body size, fertility and disease tolerance. There were logical trade-offs in the choice of these traits by farmers. Female dairy goats were mainly culled due to old age, poor fertility, small body size and poor health. Farmers did not place a large significance on unsatisfactory milk performance when culling female goats, mainly due to the very small production size and the high demand existing for breeding animals. Factors affecting milk yield and flock size presented satisfied a P<0.1 significance level. The performance levels of dairy goats were mainly influenced by breeding strategies and the resource availability at the farm level. The optimisation of genotype x environment interactions remains the biggest challenge given the objectives set by the farmer.
R C Bett; I S Kosgey; A K Kahi; K J Peters
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-06-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical animal health and production     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0049-4747     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-03     Completed Date:  2009-05-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1277355     Medline TA:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  307-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Breeding in the Tropics and Sub-Tropics, Humboldt University of Berlin, Philippstrasse 13, 10115, Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Breeding / methods*
Dairying / methods
Disease Susceptibility
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Goats / genetics*,  growth & development,  physiology*
Lactation / genetics,  physiology*
Milk / chemistry,  secretion*

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