Document Detail

Analysis and monitoring of chloramphenicol residues in food of animal origin in Slovenia from 1991 to 2000.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11962693     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To prevent the illegal use of chloramphenicol (CAP), regulatory control of its residues in food of animal origin is essential. In Slovenia, the monitoring of CAP residues for statutory purpose started in 1991. The results of a 10-year period are presented. CAP residues were determined by capillary gas chromatography (GC) with electron capture detection (ECD) using meta-CAP as an internal standard (ISTD). Before chromatographic determination, analytes were derivatized by silylation. Overall, CAP recovery, adjusted for ISTD, was for bovine muscle tissue and raw cow's milk (in the region of 2-10 microg kg(-1)) 89 and 102%, respectively, and for whole eggs, 87% (in the region of 1-10 microg kg(-1)). The use of meta-CAP improved significantly the precision of the method. The detection limit for CAP was 1 microg kg(-1), which was sufficiently sensitive for routine use. A total of 1308 random samples of Slovenian origin were analysed from 1991 to 2000, covering all parts of the country. CAP was found only in one milk sample in 1997 at a concentration of 4.6 microg kg(-1).
V Cerkvenik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-18     Completed Date:  2002-05-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  357-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Food Hygiene and Bromatology, Veterinary Faculty of University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / analysis*
Chloramphenicol / analysis*
Chromatography, Gas / methods
Drug Residues / analysis*
Eggs / analysis
Environmental Monitoring / methods
Food Contamination / analysis*
Meat / analysis
Milk / chemistry
Reproducibility of Results
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 56-75-7/Chloramphenicol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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