Document Detail

Analysis of the major epitope of the alpha2 chain of bovine type I collagen in children with bovine gelatin allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12373276     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis to measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines has been reported. It has been found that most of these reactions to live vaccines are caused by type I allergy with the bovine gelatin present in the vaccines as an allergen. Gelatin mainly includes denatured type I collagen, which consists of alpha1 and alpha2 chains. We previously reported that allergic reactions to gelatin are caused by the type I collagen alpha2 (alpha2[I]) chain. OBJECTIVE: To aid in the development of gelatin that has little or no allergenicity in human subjects, we investigated epitopes of bovine alpha2(I) chain with use of IgE in gelatin-sensitive children. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 15 patients who had systemic allergic reactions to vaccines and high levels of specific IgE to bovine gelatin. Eleven overlapping recombinant proteins that cover bovine alpha2(I) were prepared with a bacterial expression vector. We examined IgE reactivity to these recombinant proteins by means of ELISA. Fifteen peptides covering a major reactive recombinant protein were synthesized. The IgE-reacting epitope was identified by means of IgE-ELISA inhibition with these synthetic peptides and pooled serum from the patients. RESULTS: We found that of the 15 patients, 13 showed IgE reactivity to a recombinant protein (no. 3) spanning the central region of the collagenous domain ((418)Gly-(662)Pro). Furthermore, all 13 patients showed IgE reactivity to the 4-kd recombinant protein (no. 3a) spanning the region from (461)Pro to (500)Glu. In IgE-ELISA inhibition we found that a minimum IgE epitope of gelatin allergen was composed of the 10-amino-acid sequence (485)Ile-Pro-Gly-Glu-Phe-Gly-Leu-Pro-Gly-Pro(494). This sequence is not observed in the human type I collagen alpha1 and alpha2 chains, nor is it found in the bovine type I collagen alpha1 chain. CONCLUSIONS: We found that Ile-Pro-Gly-Glu-Phe-Gly-Leu-Pro-Gly-Pro is a major IgE epitope of the alpha2 chain of bovine type I collagen in patients with gelatin allergy. The degree of anaphylaxis to gelatin in vaccines might be reduced by digestion of this IgE-binding site in gelatin.
Hisae Hori; Shunji Hattori; Sakae Inouye; Akinori Kimura; Shinkichi Irie; Hiroshi Miyazawa; Masahiro Sakaguchi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0091-6749     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-09     Completed Date:  2002-10-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1275002     Medline TA:  J Allergy Clin Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  652-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Adult Diseases, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acid Sequence / genetics
Binding Sites, Antibody
Child, Preschool
Collagen / genetics,  immunology*
Epitopes* / analysis*
Gelatin / immunology*
Hypersensitivity / immunology*
Immunoglobulin E / analysis
Molecular Sequence Data
Recombinant Proteins / immunology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Binding Sites, Antibody; 0/Epitopes; 0/Recombinant Proteins; 0/alpha 2(I) collagen; 37341-29-0/Immunoglobulin E; 9000-70-8/Gelatin; 9007-34-5/Collagen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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