Document Detail

Analysis of intrathecal interleukin-6 as a potential predictive factor for vasospasm in subarachnoid hemorrhage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17460517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory response seems to be one of the relevant pathophysiological aspects for developing vasospasm in subarachnoid hemorrhage. The probable diagnostic value of intrathecal proinflammatory markers is still unclear and is assessed in this study. METHODS: We analyzed daily clinical data and laboratory tests of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 64 patients with mostly poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage during a period of 14 days. Special attention was given to the relationship between the development of vasospasm and the time course of the intrathecal interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations in CSF (IL-6CSF). The potential power of IL-6CSF for predicting vasospasm was studied. RESULTS: Vasospasm developed in 28.1% of the patients, with a mean onset of 6.4 days after bleeding, and was detected by conventional methods. Patients with vasospasm demonstrated statistically significant higher median values of IL-6CSF on Days 4 and 5 (P < 0.05). Most importantly, the increase of IL-6CSF preceded the conventional signs of vasospasm. A cut-off value of IL-6CSF of at least 2000 pg/ml on Day 4 yielded an 11.72-fold higher relative risk (95% confidence interval, 2.93-46.60) of developing vasospasm, predicting vasospasm with a sensitivity of 88.9% and a specificity of 78.3%. We found a statistically significant correlation between IL-6CSF and delayed cerebral ischemia for Day 7 (P = 0.03). However, there was no correlation with IL-6CSF on any other day and outcome. CONCLUSION: IL-6CSF seems to be a reliable early marker for predicting vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage on Days 4 and 5 before clinical onset.
Beate Schoch; Jens P Regel; Marc Wichert; Thomas Gasser; Lothar Volbracht; Dietmar Stolke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosurgery     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1524-4040     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosurgery     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-26     Completed Date:  2007-06-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802914     Medline TA:  Neurosurgery     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  828-36; discussion 828-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Interleukin-6 / cerebrospinal fluid*
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
Spinal Puncture*
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / cerebrospinal fluid*,  complications,  diagnosis
Vasospasm, Intracranial / cerebrospinal fluid*,  complications,  diagnosis
Reg. No./Substance:

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