Document Detail

Analysis of hyperplastic foci in livers with hepatocellular carcinomas by flow cytometry and AgNOR staining.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9293535     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The phase S ratio in cell cycles were analyzed in livers with hyperplastic foci (HPF) and in livers without HPF by nuclear DNA determinations using flow cytometry, and by staining with argyrophilic proteins of the nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR). Flow cytometric analysis was done on 50 fresh frozen specimens of livers resected from 50 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Paraffin sections from the same patients were analyzed using AgNOR staining. There were 25 cases each with and without HPF. We examined the stage of fibrosis and the grade of inflammatory activity according to the modified Scheuer and Desmet scale. The incidence of HCC recurrence among these patients was also studied. The average phase S ratio of the livers of the patients with HPF was 6.5 +/- 3.2%, and that of the livers of the patients without HPF was 4.0 +/- 2.5%. The ratio differed significantly between the two groups (P < 0.01). The average AgNOR score for HPF lesions of the HPF-positive cases was 1.60 +/- 0.34, that for non-HPF lesions in the HPF-positive cases was 1.29 +/- 0.12, and that for the HPF-negative cases was 1.19 +/- 0.14. Significant differences were found between the average AgNOR scores for HPF lesions of the HPF-positive cases and the non-HPF lesions of the HPF-positive cases (P < 0.01), as well as between the non-HPF lesions in the HPF-positive cases and the HPF-negative cases (P < 0.05). Severe fibrosis (stage 3) and cirrhosis (stage 4) were found in 76% of HPF-positive cases and 48% of HPF-negative cases. The livers of HPF-positive patients were significantly more cirrhotic than those of HPF-negative patients (P < 0.05). The association between HPF and the inflammatory grade was not significant (P > 0.05). The incidence of HCC recurrence among HPF-positive cases was significantly higher than that among the HPF-negative cases (P < 0.05). The average phase S ratio of the recurrent HPF-positive patients was 7.48 +/- 3.48%, significantly higher than that of HPF negative cases (5.57 +/- 3.06%, P < 0.05). Hyperplastic foci of the liver was shown to be a highly proliferative lesion. The proliferative activity of the non-HPF lesions in the HPF-positive patients was also higher than that of the HPF-negative patients. Hyperplastic foci tended to be present in cirrhotic livers, but it was not associated with the grade of inflammatory activity of the liver. Hyperplastic foci may represent an important predictor of recurrence after hepatic resection.
T Ikebe; K Wakasa; T Shuto; T Okuda; T Yamamoto; K Hirohashi; H Kinoshita; M Sakurai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pathology international     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1320-5463     ISO Abbreviation:  Pathol. Int.     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-29     Completed Date:  1997-10-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9431380     Medline TA:  Pathol Int     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  547-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology II, Osaka City University Medical School, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology*
Flow Cytometry
Hyperplasia / pathology
Liver / pathology*
Liver Cirrhosis / pathology*
Liver Neoplasms / pathology*
Middle Aged
Nucleolus Organizer Region / chemistry
S Phase*
Silver Staining

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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