Document Detail

Analysis of free and total myo-inositol in foods, feeds, and infant formula by high-performance anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection, including a novel total extraction using microwave-assisted acid hydrolysis and enzymatic treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23175982     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
A method for the analysis of free and total myo-inositol in foods, feeds, and infant formulas has been developed and validated using high-performance anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection. The option of a free myo-inositol determination or a complete total myo-inositol determination from main bound sources can be achieved. These sources include phytates, lower'phosphorylated forms, and phosphatidylinositol. This approach gives the option for subtraction of myo-inositol from nonbioavailable sources when it is quantified using other methods if a total bioavailable myo-inositol result is desired for nutritional labeling of a product. The free analysis was validated in a milk-based infant formula, giving RSD(R) of 2.29% and RSD, of 2.06%. A mean recovery of 97.9% was achieved from various spike levels of myo-inositol. Certified National Institute of Standards and Technology reference material verified the method's compatibility and specificity. Two different total analyses were validated in a soy-based infant formula and compared. One technique involved using a conventional acid hydrolysis with autoclave incubation for 6 h, while the other used a novel technique of microwave-assisted acid hydrolysis with enzymatic treatment that can minimize extraction to 1 day. The autoclave analysis had RSD(R) of 2.08% and RSDr of 1.55%, along with a mean spike recovery of 102.1% at various myo-inositol spike levels. The microwave/enzyme total analysis had RSD(R) of 4.34% and RSD, of 4.70%, along with a mean spike recovery of 104.2% at various spike levels of myo-inositol. Main sources of myo-inositol including phytic acid and phosphatidylinositol were tested with both total analyses. Mean recoveries of phytic acid and phosphatidylinositol through the autoclave total analysis were 90.4 and 98.3%, respectively. Mean spike recoveries for these same sources in soy- based infant formula through the microwave/enzyme total analysis were 97.2 and 96.3%, respectively. Comparison of soy-based infant formula and corn grain samples with high levels of these main sources showed in similar results, indicating both total analyses are acceptable for use. An additional glycerol kinase step was also developed to remove glycerol from the chromatographic elution window of myoinositol in samples with high levels of glycerol.
David Ellingson; Ted Pritchard; Pamela Foy; Kathryn King; Barbara Mitchell; John Austad; Doug Winters; Darryl Sullivan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AOAC International     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1060-3271     ISO Abbreviation:  J AOAC Int     Publication Date:    2012 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215446     Medline TA:  J AOAC Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1469-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Covance Laboratories, Nutritional Chemistry and Food Safety, 3301 Kinsman Blvd, Madison, WI 53704-2523, USA.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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