Document Detail


Analysis and critical review of the development of bioethics in Belarus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22644503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The main trends of the bioethics development in Belarus have been analyzed on the basis of the materials collected by the Ethics Documentation Center (ISEU, Minsk, Belarus). A critical review of the most important publications in the field since 2000 suggests that development of bioethics in Belarus has occurred in two parallel directions distantly connected to each other: a theoretical direction and a practical one. Despite there are objective and subjective reasons for introducing bioethics in Belarus as an institutionally-organized system based on liberal values such as individual rights and freedom, a range of essential problems could be identified. Non-equivalent regulation of ethical issues in health care and other fields of biomedical research has been emphasized, as well as the problem of unclear hierarchical relationships among institutions dealing with various aspects of bioethics in the country and low ethical and educational level of the social and professional groups involved in further expansion of bioethical knowledge. The contextual aspects of the development of bioethics in the country such as the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster, the prevalence of the authoritarian social morality and traditionally paternalistic nature of the relations between physicians and their patients are discussed.
Authors:
Yuliya A Vishneuskaya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine, health care, and philosophy     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1572-8633     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Health Care Philos     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-30     Completed Date:  2013-04-29     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815900     Medline TA:  Med Health Care Philos     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-71     Citation Subset:  E; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bioethical Issues* / legislation & jurisprudence
Bioethics / education,  trends*
Biomedical Research / ethics,  legislation & jurisprudence
Clinical Trials as Topic / ethics,  legislation & jurisprudence
Delivery of Health Care / ethics,  legislation & jurisprudence
Ethics, Medical
Freedom*
Humans
Paternalism*
Political Systems
Politics
Republic of Belarus
Social Values*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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