Document Detail


Analysis of blunt trauma injuries: vertical deceleration versus horizontal deceleration injuries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10097353     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There are several similarities found in blunt trauma injuries to humans sustained as a result of vertical deceleration (falling) and those sustained as a result of deceleration in a horizontal plane (automobile accidents). However, examination of the patterns of traumatic skeletal injuries can distinguish those injuries associated with falling from heights from those associated with automobile accidents. While there is considerable variation within each type of blunt trauma injury dependent on the angle at which one falls or is struck, there are several characteristic skeletal features associated with each type of trauma. In this study we review both the current literature and human skeletal remains from the University of New Mexico's Documented Collection known to have been subjected to blunt trauma. This collection is used to characterize and differentiate the pattern of skeletal injuries to various parts of the body for each type of trauma. These assessments are applied to investigate the traumatic skeletal lesions observed in a forensic case where the manner of death is unknown. Analyses suggest two possible scenarios that would explain the death of the individual investigated, with death most likely related to a vehicular-pedestrian accident.
Authors:
P D Tomczak; J E Buikstra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic sciences     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0022-1198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Forensic Sci.     Publication Date:  1999 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-13     Completed Date:  1999-05-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375370     Medline TA:  J Forensic Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Anthropology Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidental Falls*
Accidents, Traffic*
Adult
Aged
Biomechanics
Fatal Outcome
Fractures, Bone / pathology
Humans
Male
Multiple Trauma / pathology*
Railroads
Wounds, Nonpenetrating / pathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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