Document Detail


Analysis of Sertoli cell efficiency allows the differentiation between two fundamentally different forms of feline teratospermia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23174773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Teratospermia is a common phenomenon within felid species and has been attributed to reduction in genetic diversity. Testes from teratospermic domestic cats show enhanced spermatogenesis accompanied by remarkably reduced germ cell apoptosis. In the present study we investigated whether free-range teratospermic tom cats exhibit a similar testicular phenotype as proven permanently teratospermic males. Randomly collected teratospermic cats were compared with normal (normospermic; >60% morphologically normal sperm per ejaculate) and a well-characterized population of permanently teratospermic domestic cats, with respect to their spermatogenic potential. Histomorphologic assessment of testes from randomly collected teratospermic cats revealed no differences compared with normospermic donors. These two groups, however, were both different from permanently teratospermic cats, which exhibit fewer Sertoli cells and increased numbers of round spermatids per tubule cross-section resulting in a remarkably increased Sertoli cell efficiency (ratio of round spermatids to Sertoli cells). In conclusion, we can distinguish at least two fundamentally different forms of feline teratospermia. One subtype, found in most of the randomly collected tom cats, but not associated with altered quantitative spermatogenic parameters. Another subtype, found in all permanently teratospermic felids, is manifested by an impairment of Sertoli cell efficiency. We suggest that spermatogenic output should be analyzed before using random source domestic cats to study the phenomenon of teratospermia.
Authors:
K Jewgenow; B S Pukazhenthi; J Schoen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department for Reproductive Biology, Leibniz-Institute for Zoo Biology and Wildlife Research (IZW), Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: jewgenow@izw-berlin.de.
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