Document Detail

Analysis of causes of death for all decedents in Ohio with and without mental illness, 2004-2007.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23318767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: This study compared causes of death, crude mortality rates, and standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) between decedents with mental illness in Ohio's publicly funded mental health system ("mental illness decedents") and all Ohio decedents.
METHODS: Ohio death certificates and Ohio Department of Mental Health service utilization data were used to assess mortality among decedents from 2004 to 2007. Age-adjusted SMRs and age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated across race and sex strata.
RESULTS: Mental illness decedents accounted for 3.3% of all 438,749 Ohio deaths. Age-adjusted SMRs varied widely across the race and sex strata and by cause of death. Nonblacks with or without mental illness showed higher SMRs than blacks. Nonblack females with mental illness showed the highest SMRs in injury-related deaths. Higher SMRs were found for deaths associated with substance abuse; mental illness; diabetes; issues related to the nervous, cardiovascular, or respiratory systems; and injury. With and without mental illness, the top cause of death was violence for youths and cardiovascular disease for adults >35.
CONCLUSIONS: Deaths from injury and violence, especially among those <35, should be specifically addressed to reduce excess mortality for persons with mental illness. Mental health care should be integrated with primary care to better manage chronic disease, especially cardiovascular disease. Methodological contributions included use of linked files to compare SMR and leading causes of death between mental illness decedents and all Ohio decedents. More research is needed on patterns in cause of death and any interactions from demographic characteristics and mental illness. Health care data silos must be bridged between private and public sectors and the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Defense.
Marion E Sherman; Kraig J Knudsen; Helen Anne Sweeney; Kwok Tam; Jackson Musuuza; Siran M Koroukian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  64     ISSN:  1557-9700     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatr Serv     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-01     Completed Date:  2013-09-19     Revised Date:  2014-10-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502838     Medline TA:  Psychiatr Serv     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  245-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death / trends*
Confidence Intervals
Databases, Factual
Mental Disorders / mortality*
Middle Aged
Ohio / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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