Document Detail

Analysis of 77,000 canine uroliths. Perspectives from the Minnesota Urolith Center.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10028149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Of the hundreds of minerals that are found in the earth, most canine uroliths are comprised of only six types: (1) magnesium ammonium phosphate, (2) calcium oxalate, (3) calcium phosphates, (4) ammonium urate and other salts or uric acid, (5) cystine, or (6) silica. Each type has characteristics that allow its identification. During the past two decades, the prevalence of calcium oxalate canine uroliths has dramatically increased, while struvite has decreased. The most effective treatment and prevention protocols are based on knowledge of the primary mineral type comprising the urolith.
C A Osborne; J P Lulich; D J Polzin; S L Sanderson; L A Koehler; L K Ulrich; K A Bird; L L Swanson; L A Pederson; S Z Sudo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0195-5616     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract.     Publication Date:  1999 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-17     Completed Date:  1999-05-17     Revised Date:  2013-04-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809942     Medline TA:  Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17-38, ix-x     Citation Subset:  IM    
Minnesota Urolith Center, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Calcium Oxalate / analysis
Calcium Phosphates / analysis
Cystine / analysis
Dog Diseases / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Magnesium Compounds / analysis
Phosphates / analysis
Silicon Dioxide / analysis
Uric Acid / analysis
Urinary Calculi / chemistry,  diagnosis,  veterinary*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Phosphates; 0/Magnesium Compounds; 0/Phosphates; 0/alpha-tricalcium phosphate; 0/monocalcium phosphate; 0/tetracalcium phosphate; 15490-91-2/struvite; 25454-23-3/Calcium Oxalate; 56-89-3/Cystine; 69-93-2/Uric Acid; 7631-86-9/Silicon Dioxide; 97Z1WI3NDX/calcium phosphate; L11K75P92J/dicalcium phosphate anhydrous

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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