Document Detail

Analysing differences in clinical outcomes between hospitals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12897358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the variation between hospitals in rates of severe intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in preterm babies adjusting for case mix and sampling variability. DESIGN: Cross sectional study of pooled data from 1995 to 1997. SETTING: 24 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. PARTICIPANTS: 5413 infants of gestational age 24-30 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Crude rates of severe (grades 3 and 4) IVH and rates adjusted for case mix using logistic regression, and for sampling variability using shrinkage estimators. RESULTS: The overall rate of severe IVH was 6.8%, but crude rates for individual units ranged from 2.9 to 21.4%, with interquartile range (IQR) 5.7-8.1%. Adjusting for the five significant predictor variables--gestational age at birth, 1 minute Apgar score, antenatal corticosteroids, transfer after birth, and sex--actually increased the variability in rates (IQR 5.9-9.7%). Shrinkage estimators, which adjust for differences in unit sizes and outcome rates, reduced the variation in rates (IQR 6.3-7.5%). Adjusting for case mix and using shrinkage estimators showed that one unit had a significantly higher adjusted rate than expected, while another was significantly lower. If all units could achieve an average rate equal to the 20th centile (5.74%), then 60 cases of severe IVH could be prevented in a 3 year period. CONCLUSIONS: The use of shrinkage estimators may have a greater impact on the variation in outcomes between hospitals than adjusting for case mix. Greater reductions in morbidity may be achieved by concentrating on the best rather than the worst performing hospitals.
J M Simpson; N Evans; R W Gibberd; A M Heuchan; D J Henderson-Smart;
Related Documents :
1052758 - Were girl babies sacrificed to a folk superstition in 1966 in japan?
17090668 - Life-history evolution under a production constraint.
1915788 - Epidemiology of infant deaths due to congenital malformations: italy 1958-1981.
14215978 - Kinetics of death of bacterial spores at elevated temperatures.
8661478 - Gender and race differences in bone mass during infancy.
9462188 - Changes in oxygenation and pulmonary haemodynamics in preterm infants treated with inha...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Quality & safety in health care     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1475-3898     ISO Abbreviation:  Qual Saf Health Care     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-04     Completed Date:  2004-04-29     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136980     Medline TA:  Qual Saf Health Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-62     Citation Subset:  H    
School of Public Health, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Australia / epidemiology
Cerebral Hemorrhage / epidemiology*,  therapy
Cerebral Ventricles / pathology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Services Research
Hospitals, Public / standards,  statistics & numerical data*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data*
New Zealand / epidemiology
Treatment Outcome*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Preventable in-hospital medical injury under the "no fault" system in New Zealand.
Next Document:  Randomised controlled trial of a shared care programme for newly referred cancer patients: bridging ...