Document Detail


Analyses of suicidal deaths with shotguns in Istanbul, 1998-2007.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20209396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, some features of suicidal firearm deaths have been described, but series of suicidal deaths using shotgun are limited in the literature. The aim of the present study was to define several characteristics of suicidal shotgun deaths. METHODS: In this study, we reviewed retrospectively 36,971 autopsy reports recorded by the Mortuary Section of the Forensic Medicine Council of Istanbul between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2007. RESULTS: Seventy-three shotgun-related suicide cases were evaluated. Of the 73 cases, 46 (63%) were male and 27 (37%) were female. Most of the cases (n=36, 53.4%) were aged 16-20 years (p<0.001). Sixty-two of the suicides (84.9%) occurred in victims' homes (p<0.001). A suicide note was recovered in 7 cases (9.6%). While entry wounds were on the head in the majority of the cases (n=29, 39.8%) (p<0.001), in nearly half of the female victims (n=12; 44.4%), entry wound was in the abdominal region. Fifty-six shots (76.7%) were determined to be from loose-contact range (p<0.001). Ethyl alcohol was detected in 17.8% (n=13) of blood samples of the cases. CONCLUSION: Handling and usage of shotguns should be under strict control, educational efforts should be directed to early and late adolescents and their parents and psychological support centers should also be founded in an effort to prevent suicidal deaths with shotguns.
Authors:
Mahmut A?irdizer; G?rol Cant?rk; Nergis Cant?rk; Mehmet Sunay Yavuz; H?seyin Sari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1306-696X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-08     Completed Date:  2010-03-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101274231     Medline TA:  Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg     Country:  Turkey    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Forensic Medicine, Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey. masirdizer@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Child
Female
Firearms
Forensic Medicine / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Sex Distribution
Suicide / prevention & control,  statistics & numerical data*
Turkey / epidemiology
Wounds, Gunshot / mortality*,  prevention & control
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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