Document Detail


Analgesia for neonatal circumcision: a randomized controlled trial of EMLA cream versus dorsal penile nerve block.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9521971     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of the dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) with a less invasive form of local anesthesia, eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream, for reduction of pain during neonatal circumcision. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary referral, neonatal intensive care nursery in a university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty infants >/=341/2 weeks postmenstrual age and stable for discharge at time of circumcision; gestational age at birth 25 to 41 weeks; birth weight 600 to 4390 g; age at study 3 to 105 days. An additional cohort of term newborns (n = 20), who were not randomized, were circumcised without anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS: Administration of either EMLA cream (0.5 g topically 1 hour before circumcision) or 1% lidocaine (0.7-1.0 mL subcutaneously 3 minutes before circumcision). OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary: Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) score; secondary: heart rate, respiratory rate. All outcome measures were assessed by an individual who was blinded to the group assignment and did not perform the circumcision. RESULTS: NIPS scores were significantly lower in the DPNB infants (2.3 +/- 1.8) compared with the EMLA infants (4.8 +/- 0.7). NIPS scores in patients circumcised without anesthesia indicated severe pain. There was a significantly greater increase in heart rate over the duration of the circumcision in the EMLA group than in the DPNB group (49 vs 9 beats per minute). Adverse effects included small hematomas at the site of injection in DPNB infants (10/23), mild erythema at 1 and/or 24 hours after circumcision in the EMLA infants (3/21), and penile edema noted 5 days after circumcision requiring removal of the circumcision bell in 1 DPNB infant. CONCLUSIONS: DPNB provides better pain reduction during neonatal circumcision than EMLA cream. EMLA cream may provide pain reduction compared with no anesthesia during neonatal circumcision.
Authors:
M Butler-O'Hara; C LeMoine; R Guillet
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1998 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-09-15     Completed Date:  1998-09-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia, Local
Anesthetics, Local*
Circumcision, Male / adverse effects*
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Lidocaine*
Male
Nerve Block*
Pain / etiology,  prevention & control*
Pain Measurement
Penis / innervation
Prilocaine*
Prospective Studies
Single-Blind Method
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Local; 0/EMLA; 137-58-6/Lidocaine; 721-50-6/Prilocaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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