Document Detail

Anal sphincter complex muscles defects and dysfunction in asymptomatic parous women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21604060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to determine anatomy and function of anal sphincter complex using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) and manometry in asymptomatic parous women. METHODS: 3D-US of puborectalis muscle (PRM), external (EAS), and internal anal sphincters (IAS) anatomy was performed in 45 women without pelvic floor dysfunction. To assess function, rest and squeeze vaginal and anal pressures were measured. Based on 3D-US, subjects were divided into injured and uninjured groups. RESULTS: Forty-four of 45 subjects had adequate PRM images. The injured PRM (N = 14) group had significantly lower vaginal pressures as compared with uninjured PRM group (N = 30; p = 0.001). Four of 45 subjects with IAS and EAS defects had lower resting and squeeze anal canal pressure. Muscle injury to IAS, EAS and PRM in the same individual was uncommon. CONCLUSIONS: In asymptomatic parous women, PRM defects were more common than the EAS/IAS defects but defects in more than one muscle were infrequent. Subjects with injured PRM had low vaginal pressure than the ones without.
Milena M Weinstein; Dolores H Pretorius; Sung-Ae Jung; Jennifer J Wan; Charles W Nager; Ravinder K Mittal
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-3023     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9514583     Medline TA:  Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
The Pelvic Floor Function and Disorder Group, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
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