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Anaesthetic considerations in patients with chronic pulmonary disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17021479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic pulmonary diseases are getting more important in daily anaesthetic practice, because prevalence is increasing and improved anaesthetic techniques have led to the abandonment of previous contraindications to anaesthesia. It is therefore essential for the anaesthetist to be up to date with current clinical concepts and their impact on the conduction of anaesthesia as well as new insights into how to anaesthetise these patients safely. RECENT FINDINGS: If patients are treated adequately, open and minimally invasive operations can be safely performed under regional and general anaesthesia. The management of acute exacerbations remains challenging, and first-line medical treatment should be supported by non-invasive ventilation. In controlled mechanical ventilation, parameters should be set to avoid dynamic hyperinflation. SUMMARY: Assessing the functional status of patients admitted for surgery remains a difficult task, and in patients identified as being at risk by clinical examination additional spirometry and blood gas measurements may be helpful. If there are flow limitations and signs of respiratory failure, the anaesthetist should be highly alarmed and monitor the patient closely and invasively, yet there is no reason to deny any patient a substantially beneficial operation.
Authors:
Dietrich Henzler; Rolf Rossaint; Ralf Kuhlen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in anaesthesiology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0952-7907     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Anaesthesiol     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-05     Completed Date:  2007-06-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8813436     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Anaesthesiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  323-30     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Universitätsklinikum Aachen, D-52074 Aachen, Germany. mail@d-henzler.de
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