Document Detail

Anaerobes as normal oral flora.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6372039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The human mouth provides a suitable habitat for numerous bacterial genera. Anaerobic genera or genera that include anaerobic members found in the oral cavity are Actinomyces, Arachnia, Bacteroides, Bifidobacterium, Eubacterium, Fusobacterium, Lactobacillus, Leptotrichia, Peptococcus, Peptostreptococcus, Propionibacterium, Selenomonas, Treponema, and Veillonella. The incidence of anaerobes varies with age of the individual and with specific sites sampled. In edentulous infants, the incidence of anaerobes is relatively low. In adults, anaerobes are invariably present but are more prevalent in samples from the gingival sulcus than they are in samples from the gingival margin, tooth surfaces, buccal mucosa, tongue, or saliva. In samples from the healthy gingival sulcus, anaerobic, gram-positive bacilli are found in the range of 5%-14%; gram-negative bacilli in the range of 13%-29%; Veillonella in the range of 2%-8%; and gram-positive cocci in the range of 1%-15% of the cultivable flora. From marginal plaque and plaque from the tooth surface, gram-positive bacilli, gram-positive cocci, and Veillonella appear to be the predominant anaerobes. In saliva, Veillonella are the most numerous anaerobes.
V L Sutter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reviews of infectious diseases     Volume:  6 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0162-0886     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:    1984 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-06-21     Completed Date:  1984-06-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905878     Medline TA:  Rev Infect Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S62-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Actinomyces / isolation & purification
Bacteria, Anaerobic / isolation & purification*
Bacteroidaceae / isolation & purification
Child, Preschool
Clostridium / isolation & purification
Dental Plaque / microbiology
Gingiva / microbiology
Infant, Newborn
Lactobacillus / isolation & purification
Mouth / microbiology*
Peptococcaceae / isolation & purification
Propionibacteriaceae / isolation & purification
Saliva / microbiology
Time Factors
Tongue / microbiology
Veillonella / isolation & purification

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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