Document Detail

Anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia: an update on a continuing problem.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18617209     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A cross-sectional study to determine the current prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and to investigate the possible risk factors for IDA was carried out on 241 aboriginal schoolchildren (120 boys, 121 girls) aged 7-12 years and living in remote areas in Pos Betau, Pahang, Malaysia. Haemoglobin (Hb) level was measured and serum iron status was assessed by serum ferritin (SF), serum iron (SI) and total iron binding capacity measurements. Socioeconomic data were collected using pre-tested questionnaires. All children were screened for intestinal parasitic infections. Overall, 48.5% (95% CI 42.3-54.8) of children were anaemic (Hb<12 g/dl). The prevalence of IDA was 34% (95% CI 28.3-40.2), which accounted for 70.1% of the anaemia cases. The prevalence of IDA was significantly higher in females than males. Low levels of mothers' education and low household income were identified as risk factors for IDA. Severe trichuriasis also found to be associated with low SF and SI. Logistic regression confirmed low levels of mothers' education and gender as significant risk factors for IDA. Improvement of socioeconomic status and health education together with periodic mass deworming should be included in public health strategies for the control and prevention of anaemia and IDA in this population.
M Hesham Al-Mekhlafi; Johari Surin; A S Atiya; W A Ariffin; A K Mohammed Mahdy; H Che Abdullah
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-07-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1878-3503     ISO Abbreviation:  Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-08     Completed Date:  2008-12-05     Revised Date:  2009-07-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506129     Medline TA:  Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1046-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / epidemiology*,  ethnology,  parasitology
Ascariasis / epidemiology,  ethnology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Feces / microbiology,  parasitology
Ferritins / blood*
Hemoglobins / analysis*
Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / epidemiology,  ethnology
Iron / deficiency
Logistic Models
Malaysia / epidemiology,  ethnology
Mothers / education
Risk Factors
Rural Health
Sex Distribution
Socioeconomic Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 7439-89-6/Iron; 9007-73-2/Ferritins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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