Document Detail

Anaemia during pregnancy as a risk factor for iron-deficiency anaemia in infancy: a case-control study in Jordan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10405849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of 50-65% iron-deficiency anaemia in mothers and infants in Jordan was reported by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) in 1990. Iron-deficiency in infancy has been shown to delay cognitive and psychomotor development with long-term consequences. While socioeconomic deprivation and inadequate nutrition are known underlying factors, it is unclear whether iron endowment at birth is compromised when mothers are anaemic, further jeopardizing iron status during infancy. A prospective case-control study of infants from birth to one year was conducted in a lower middle-class urban setting in Amman, Jordan. The study objective was to examine the relationship between maternal anaemia and iron-deficiency anaemia during infancy. METHOD: A sample of 107 anaemic (Hb < 11 g/dl) and 125 non-anaemic mothers was selected at 37 weeks' gestation and matched for age and parity, and infant data at birth obtained. The infants were reviewed at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months, to assess growth, current nutrition, infection rates and iron status. The main outcome measure was the incidence of iron-deficiency anaemia in the two groups of infants, defined in the study as Hb < 11 g/dl and either plasma ferritin < 12 mcg/l or zinc protoporphyrin > 35 mcg/dl. RESULTS: Iron endowment in cord blood samples appeared similar between the two groups. The incidence of iron-deficiency anaemia was very high in these infants, at 72% by research criteria, (51% if Hb < 10.5 g/dl), but significantly higher in the infants born to anaemic mothers at all stages of the year, with overall incidence of 81% (n = 91), compared to 65% in controls (n = 112). This was not explained by differences in environmental risk factors. Anaemic mothers had not recovered adequate iron status at 6 months' postpartum, with implications for future pregnancy iron demands. CONCLUSIONS: Anaemia during pregnancy compromises the health of mothers in traditional cultures, where women tend to have several children close together after marriage, with an inadequate interval to replenish nutritional stores. Their infants also appear to be at increased risk of developing iron-deficiency anaemia, undetected at birth.
J Kilbride; T G Baker; L A Parapia; S A Khoury; S W Shuqaidef; D Jerwood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of epidemiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0300-5771     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Epidemiol     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-29     Completed Date:  1999-07-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802871     Medline TA:  Int J Epidemiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  461-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Bradford, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / epidemiology*
Case-Control Studies
Ferritins / blood
Fetal Blood / chemistry
Jordan / epidemiology
Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / epidemiology*
Prospective Studies
Protoporphyrins / blood
Risk Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Protoporphyrins; 15442-64-5/zinc protoporphyrin; 9007-73-2/Ferritins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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