Document Detail

Anabolic steroid use among adolescents in a rural state.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1402727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Anabolic-androgenic steroid use is an increasing problem among high school students. Previous reports have been mainly from metropolitan areas. METHODS: We report the first study of anabolic-androgenic steroid use to concentrate on rural communities. The study was conducted using an anonymous survey of a random sample of male high school students (N = 3900) in grades 10 through 12 encompassing 31 high schools in a predominantly rural state. RESULTS: Two-hundred five (5.3%) students reported using steroids. The prevalence of illicit drug use was significantly higher (P < .05) in steroid users (74%) than in nonusers (31%) (P < .001). The association was between anabolic-androgenic steroid use and illicit drug use rather than between sports participation of any type and illicit drug use (P > .2). Comparison of the prevalence of illicit drug use among athletic (63.2%) and nonathletic (36.8%) steroid users found no significant difference. Findings were similar with cigarette use. There was no difference in the rate of steroid use by school enrollment (69 to 1495) or by city population size (< 200 to 64,000). The predominant reason for steroid use was to improve appearance (43%). CONCLUSIONS: This study found the prevalence of steroid use throughout a predominantly rural state to be similar to that found by previous studies conducted in metropolitan areas; prevalence was not affected by city or school size. Steroid use was closely associated with illicit drug and cigarette use, a new finding that deserves further examination.
R Whitehead; S Chillag; D Elliott
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of family practice     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0094-3509     ISO Abbreviation:  J Fam Pract     Publication Date:  1992 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-09     Completed Date:  1992-11-09     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502590     Medline TA:  J Fam Pract     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  401-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210-1228.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior*
Adolescent Psychology
Anabolic Agents*
Doping in Sports
Rural Population
Smoking / epidemiology
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
West Virginia / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anabolic Agents; 0/Street Drugs

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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