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Amplification of the effects of magnetization exchange by (31) P band inversion for measuring adenosine triphosphate synthesis rates in human skeletal muscle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25469992     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to amplify the effects of magnetization exchange between γ-adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and inorganic phosphate (Pi) for evaluation of ATP synthesis rates in human skeletal muscle.
METHODS: The strategy works by simultaneously inverting the (31) P resonances of phosphocreatine (PCr) and ATP using a wide bandwidth, adiabatic inversion radiofrequency pulse followed by observing dynamic changes in intensity of the noninverted Pi signal versus the delay time between the inversion and observation pulses. This band inversion technique significantly delays recovery of γ-ATP magnetization; consequently, the exchange reaction, Pi ↔ γ-ATP, is readily detected and easily analyzed.
RESULTS: The ATP synthesis rate measured from high-quality spectral data using this method was 0.073 ± 0.011 s(-1) in resting human skeletal muscle (N = 10). The T1 of Pi was 6.93 ± 1.90 s, consistent with the intrinsic T1 of Pi at this field. The apparent T1 of γ-ATP was 4.07 ± 0.32 s, about two-fold longer than its intrinsic T1 due to storage of magnetization in PCr.
CONCLUSION: Band inversion provides an effective method to amplify the effects of magnetization transfer between γ-ATP and Pi. The resulting data can be easily analyzed to obtain the ATP synthesis rate using a two-site exchange model. Magn Reson Med, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Authors:
Jimin Ren; A Dean Sherry; Craig R Malloy
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-2594     ISO Abbreviation:  Magn Reson Med     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-4    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8505245     Medline TA:  Magn Reson Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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