Document Detail

Amniotic Fluid Embolism: A Cause of Suddden Maternal Death and Police Inquest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22835973     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ABSTRACT: Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare, unforeseeable, unpreventable, and dreadful complication of pregnancy. Histological diagnosis is still the criterion standard for its detection because of the lack of any reliable clinical laboratory tests. The diagnosis of AFE has a close association with medicolegal aspects of obstetric death. Amniotic fluid embolism occurs when massive amount of amniotic fluid abnormally enters the maternal venous system. We report a case of a 33-year-old healthy woman (G2, P2, L1) admitted to a private nursing care hospital with 37 weeks gestation for delivery. She normally delivered a healthy 2.8-kg infant boy. After 15 minutes of delivery, she developed tonic-clonic seizures, breathlessness, and loss of consciousness and died within 4 hours after onset of symptoms. The sudden death of a healthy mother led to medical negligence claim by the relatives, and a police case was filed against the private nursing care obstetrician. Despite a brief clinical history, meticulous microscopic examination of lungs revealed pulmonary microvasculature filled with fetal squamous cells, hair, and mucin. The final cause of sudden maternal death was given as AFE and pulmonary edema. This report highlights the importance of detailed microscopic examination of lungs and the need to study as many histopathologic sections as possible to rule out this entity.
Shantilal Mohanlalji Sisodia; Kiran Arun Bendale; Wasif Ali Zafar Ali Khan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-404X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108948     Medline TA:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
From the Department of Pathology, Grant Medical College and Sir J.J. Group of Hospitals, Byculla, Mumbai, India.
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