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Amino acid infusions started after development of intraoperative core hypothermia do not affect rewarming but reduce the incidence of postoperative shivering during major abdominal surgery: a randomized trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21927856     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Previous studies have demonstrated that amino acid infusions exert enhanced thermogenic effects during general anesthesia. This study was conducted to investigate whether amino acid infusions started after development of intraoperative core hypothermia can accelerate rewarming. METHODS: Twenty-two patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery were included in this study. When tympanic temperature reached 35.5°C, patients were randomly assigned to receive amino acids (amino acid group; n = 11) or saline (saline group; n = 11). A continuous infusion of a mixture of 18 amino acids or saline was started at 200 ml h(-1). Tympanic, forearm, and digit temperatures were recorded. Forearm minus fingertip skin-surface temperature gradients (temperature gradient) were calculated. Postoperative shivering was also evaluated. RESULTS: Tympanic membrane temperature and temperature gradient were similar between the two groups at each time point during the study period. Temperature gradient at extubation in the amino acid group was significantly lower than in the saline group although tympanic temperature at extubation was similar between the two groups. Postoperative shivering score was significantly lower in the amino acid group than in the saline group. CONCLUSIONS: Amino acid infusions started after development of intraoperative core hypothermia failed to accelerate rewarming. However, amino acid infusions reduced the incidence of postoperative shivering. Use of amino acid infusions to reduce thermoregulatory vasoconstriction at emergence might contribute to a decrease in the development of postoperative shivering.
Satoki Inoue; Takeaki Shinjo; Masahiko Kawaguchi; Yoshiyuki Nakajima; Hitoshi Furuya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1438-8359     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8905667     Medline TA:  J Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Anesthesiology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, Japan,
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