Document Detail


Amino acid fortification of bread fed at varying levels during gestation and lactation in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  401878     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of protein quality improvement of white bread fed to female rats during pregnancy and lactation, under varying degrees of adequacy in food energy, on growth and brain development of the offspring have been studied. Weaning weight and the weight, protein and DNA of whole brain and major regions of the brain at weaning were determined. Lysine addition significantly increased all parameters, and threonine addition gave additional significant increments. Restricting energy intake decreased most parameters independent of protein quality. Brain cellularity was significantly higher in offspring of dams fed lysine and threonine fortified bread than in offspring of dams fed casein. All parameters measured in the offspring of dams fed lysine and threonine fortified bread at 70% ad libitum consumption were significantly increased over the values obtained in the offspring of dams fed unfortified bread ad libitum even though they had consumed 13% less protein and dietary energy during the pregnancy and lactation period. The implications of these findings for practical problems in human nutrition are considered.
Authors:
G R Jansen; W C Monte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  107     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1977 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-03-31     Completed Date:  1977-03-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  300-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Birth Weight
Body Weight
Brain / metabolism
Bread*
DNA / metabolism
Diet
Female
Food, Fortified*
Lactation*
Lysine / pharmacology*
Organ Size
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Animal*
Protein-Energy Malnutrition
Proteins / metabolism
Rats
Threonine / pharmacology*
Weaning
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proteins; 56-87-1/Lysine; 72-19-5/Threonine; 9007-49-2/DNA

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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