Document Detail

Amino acid digestibility and metabolizable energy of genetically selected soybean products.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23776266     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
To determine the ME and amino acid digestibility of 5 soybean meal (SBM) samples, a precision-fed rooster assay and a chick assay were conducted. The 5 samples were cold-pressed (extruded) soybean meals or solvent-extracted (defatted) soybean meal. Of the cold-pressed varieties (unheated), there was an ultra-low trypsin SBM, a low-trypsin SBM, and a heated and unheated commodity SBM. The solvent-extracted SBM was a heated commodity blend. The TME and AME values were compared between each category: cold-pressed and defatted, as well as between the 2 assays. Semipurified diets containing dextrose as the main energy source were formulated to meet the bird's nutrient requirements, with each diet containing a different SBM product. The TME rooster assay was a precision-fed rooster assay in which 5 birds per diet were fasted for 24 h, crop intubated with 35 g of the test diet containing 46.58% cold-pressed or defatted SBM, and excreta was then collected for 48 h. The total aromatic amino acids rooster assay followed the same protocol, but cecectomized birds were used. For the chick assay, 480 one-day-old chicks were fed a standard corn-SBM starter diet until 17 d of age, and on d 18, the chicks were allowed ad libitum access to the SB-dextrose diets. Excreta were collected on d 22, dried, ground, and analyzed for gross energy and CP to determine ME. The SBM samples that were genetically selected to have lower trypsin inhibitor levels and higher protein had higher ME values and increased amino acid digestibility than the commodity cold-pressed SBM samples. Genetic selection of soybeans for certain traits can have positive effects on the ME value and amino acid digestibility for roosters and chicks.
T Loeffler; M Y Shim; R B Beckstead; A B Batal; G M Pesti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1790-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Poultry Science, the University of Georgia, Athens 30602-2772.
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