Document Detail


Amino Acid Sequence of Egyptian Goose Egg-White Lysozyme and Effects of Amino Acid Substitution on the Enzymatic Activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22484934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The amino acid sequence of Egyptian goose lysozyme (EGL) from egg-white and its enzymatic properties were analyzed. The established sequence had the highest similarity to wood duck lysozyme (WDL) with five amino acid substitutions, and had eighteen substitutions difference from hen egg-white lysozyme (HEL). Tyr34 and Gly37 were found at subsites E and F of the active site when compared with HEL. The experimental time-course characteristics of EGL against the N-acetylglucosamine pentamer substrate, (GlcNAc)(5), revealed higher production of (GlcNAc)(4) and lower production of (GlcNAc)(2) when compared with HEL. The saccharide-binding ability of subsites A-C in EGL was also found to be weaker than in HEL. An analysis of the enzymatic reactions of five mutants in respect of positions 34, 37 and 71 in HEL indicated the time-course characteristics of EGL to be caused by the combination of three substitutions (F34Y, N37G and G71R) between HEL and EGL. A computer simulation of the EGL-catalyzed reaction suggested that the time-course characteristics of EGL resulted from the difference in the binding free energy for subsites A, B, E and F and the rate constant of transglycosylation between EGL and HEL.
Authors:
Shunsuke Kawamura; Gen Toshima; Yuki Chijiiwa; Takao Torikata; Tomohiro Araki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-6947     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205717     Medline TA:  Biosci Biotechnol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Bioscience, School of Agriculture, Tokai University.
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