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Amino Acid Composition Along the Transport Pathway during Grain Filling in Wheat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16665128     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The amino acid composition of endosperm cavity sap and of sieve tube saps from the flag leaf, peduncle, rachis, grain pedicel, and grain were determined for wheat plants just past the mid-half of grain filling. On a mole percent basis, glutamine accounted for almost half of the amino acids in sieve tube sap from the peduncle and ear. Other protein amino acids, plug gamma-aminobutyrate, were present in varying, but mostly low (a few mole percent) proportions. The amino acid composition of phloem exudate resembled that of the mature wheat grain. The proportions of amino acids in the endosperm cavity were generally similar to those of the sieve tube sap supplying the grain. Cysteine, however, while virtually absent from sieve tube sap, comprised 1 to 2 mole percent of amino acids in the endosperm cavity, suggesting it is transported in a different form. Also, alanine and, to a lesser extent, glutamate were relatively more prominent in endosperm cavity sap than in the sieve tube sap. Thus, while most amino acids were more concentrated in the sieve tube sap than in the endosperm cavity sap, alanine and glutamate appeared to be moving from the sieve tube to the endosperm cavity in the absence of, or perhaps even against, their concentration gradients.
Authors:
D B Fisher; P K Macnicol
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1986 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-07-08     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1019-23     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164.
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