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Ameliorative effects of Eriobotrya japonica seed extract on cellular aging in cultured rat fibroblasts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21188645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate the effects of Eriobotrya japonica seed extract (ESE) on cellular aging, intracellular calcium homeostasis in young and senescent cells was analyzed using a rat fibroblast culture as an in vitro model system and a calcium imaging technique. The application of bradykinin (BK) transiently elicited intracellular calcium ion (Ca(2+)) increased in most of the young fibroblasts, whereas these responses were scarcely observed or were significantly attenuated in senescent cells. However, the long-term treatment of senescent cells with ESE (for 7 days) dose-dependently increased the amplitude of BK-induced responses and the percentage of BK-responding cells. In particular, most senescent cells could respond to BK with long-term treatment with ESE (1.0% or 2.0%), an effect that reinstated the percentage of BK-responding cells to the same level as that in young cells. The effects of ESE on amplitude or percentage of responding cells were not observed in young cells. Moreover, the time to half decay, which was significantly longer in senescent cells than that in young cells, was shortened in senescent cells with long-term treatment with ESE. These results suggest that treatment with an adequate concentration of ESE renders BK-induced Ca(2+) dynamics in senescent cells similar to those in young cells. Therefore, ESE can retard and/or protect against cellular aging and may be useful for elucidating the antiaging processes.
Authors:
Kazuyo Muramoto; Rong-Dan Quan; Toshiharu Namba; Shojiro Kyotani; Mitsuhiko Miyamura; Yutaka Nishioka; Keiichi Tonosaki; Yoshinori L Doi; Hideto Kaba
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of natural medicines     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1861-0293     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101518405     Medline TA:  J Nat Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Physiology, Department of Human Development and Fostering, Meikai University School of Dentistry, 1-1 Keyakidai, Sakado, Saitama, 350-0283, Japan, tkazuyo@dent.meikai.ac.jp.
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