Document Detail


Amelioration of ethanol-induced liver injury in rats by nanogold flakes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23830375     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects of nanogold flakes against alcoholic liver disease. Six-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups: C (control liquid diet), CLF (control liquid diet with gold flakes at 1.03 mg/kg body weight [BW]/day), CHF (control liquid diet with gold flakes at 5.15 mg/kg BW/day), E (ethanol liquid diet), ELF (ethanol liquid diet with gold flakes at 1.03 mg/kg BW/day), and EHF (ethanol liquid diet with gold flakes at 5.15 mg/kg BW/day). The liquid diets were prepared daily. Gold flakes were added to the ethanol 1 h before preparing the ethanol liquid diets, as an aging process. After 10 weeks, rats in group E showed significantly higher plasma aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) activities than those in group C. A significantly increased concentration of hepatic triglyceride (TG) was found in group E. Furthermore, higher hepatic glutathione reductase (GRD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activities together with higher tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α concentration and higher hepatic cytochrome (CYP2E1) protein expression were also observed in group E. In contrast, the hepatic TG concentration in group EHF was significantly lower than that of group E. In addition, hepatic glutathione peroxidase (GPX), SOD, and CAT activities together with TNF-α concentration and hepatic CYP2E1 protein expression in group EHF were significantly lower than those in group E. We concluded that nanogold flakes might ameliorate alcohol-induced liver injury by maintaining the hepatic antioxidative status. In addition, nanogold flakes may reduce fat accumulation caused by chronic ethanol feeding via decreasing hepatic TNF-α.
Authors:
Ya-Ling Chen; Hsiang-Chi Peng; Shan-Wen Tan; Cheng-Yuh Tsai; Yi-Huei Huang; Hao-Yu Wu; Suh-Ching Yang
Related Documents :
7612165 - Digestion of a dehydrated lucerne/barley diet (70:30) in defaunated, isotricha-monoinoc...
7379555 - Soft coal fly ash as a source of selenium in unpelleted sheep rations.
3957805 - Dynamics of digestion in cattle, sheep, goats and deer.
1159535 - Effect of molybdate on sulfide production from methionine and sulfate by ruminal microo...
3220325 - Protein-related differences in the excretion of nitrosoproline and nitrate by the rat--...
19866955 - The influence of bile on metabolism.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6823     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502311     Medline TA:  Alcohol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Public Health & Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 110, Taiwan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Adaptation of a tool measuring attitudes towards pain in paramedics.
Next Document:  Controlling electron beam-induced structure modifications and cation exchange in cadmium sulfide-cop...